Writing Task 1

The bar chart below shows the results of a survey conducted by a personnel department at a major company. The survey was carried out on two groups of workers: those aged from 18-30 and those aged 45-60, and shows factors affecting their work performance.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

»You should write at least 150 words.
Factors affecting work performance

The supplied bar graph compares different factors which affect the work performance of two different age group.

In short, workers’ job performance is highly affected by chance for personal development, team spirit, promotion prospects, job satisfaction and salary.            

As is presented as a result of a survey in the given bar chart, for both age groups, 18-30 and 45-60, team spirit affects work performance equivalently and that is little over 60%. The reason ‘ chance for personal development’ works for the younger age group about 90% which is more than twice than the older age group. The similar scenario is true for the relaxing environment too and this reason affects more than 80% of the 18-30 age group workers and about only 30% of the 45-60 years workers. About 45% younger workers’ work performance is affected by the job security compared to little over 20% older workers. The only case where 45-60 years workers are influenced more than their younger counterpart is ‘respect from colleagues’ which is about 50% for this age group workers in contrast to 40% (approximately ) for the 15-30 years age group. The promotional prospect is an important reason that drives younger employees to work better and this reason affects 80% younger workers compared to almost 45% aged job holders.  For the lower age group job satisfaction, work environment & money affects their job performance about 50%, 30% & about 75% consecutively compared to about 45%, 30% and 70% of 45-60 years job holders.

Leisure time enjoyed by men & women of different employment status

The provided chart shows the number of leisure hours enjoyed by men and women in a typical week in 1998-99, according to gender and employment status. As is observed from the graph, the unemployed and retired men and women had more leisure time than the other type of people.

Among the full-time employed people, men had about 45 hours of leisure time on an average per week compared to the 38 hours of leisure time for women. No data is given for the part-time employed men and women from this category enjoyed 40 hours of leisure time in a week. This figure is slightly more than the employed women perhaps because of their employment nature.

Unemployed and retired people had the longest period of leisure activity both for men and women and men had a bit more hours than the women. As expected the retired and unemployed people enjoyed about 78 to 82 hours per week which is longer than people from other employment statuses. Lastly, housewives enjoyed approximately 50 hours of leisure time which is more than the employed women but less than the unemployed and retired women. The graph reflects that men had more leisure time from all employment statuses than women which indicates that women spent more time working at home than their male counterparts.-

The diagram below shows the average hours of unpaid work per week done by people in different categories. (Unpaid work refers to such activities as childcare in the home, housework and gardening.)

Describe the information presented below, comparing results for men and women in the categories shown. Suggest reasons for what you see.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Unpaid work done by people in different categories

The graph shows data between married men and women of the number of hours spent per week on unpaid work. At first glance at the chart, it is noticeable that from all the three categories (without children, with 1-2 children and with 3 or more children), married women spend more hours involved in unpaid work such as housework, gardening and childcare than expected from men.

In conclusion, married women with three or more children spent the highest number of hours, yet married women from all categories spent a dramatically higher number of hours for unpaid work than married men.

Married women with children spend more time than without children as the chart shows while having more than three children have invested around 60 hours of unpaid work. This is probably due to the extra load of housework and childcare that is evidently needed to run such a big family.

Furthermore, though there are visible variations of the number of hours of unpaid work carried out by married women, there is no significant variation among all three categories for married men in terms of work hours that are not paid (30 or fewer hours). In fact, it is observed that married men with three or more children spent slightly less number of unpaid work hours. This might be due to the high requirement of commitment needed for a paid job to meet financial requirements for a big family.

The chart below shows estimated world illiteracy rates by region and by gender for the year 2000.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

»You should write at least 150 words.

Estimated World illiteracy rates, by region and gender, 2000.

Estimated world illiteracy rates by region and by gender - 2000

The bar chart compares the ratio of uneducated population, divided by sex, in six regions of the world in 2000.

Overall, illiteracy rates were the highest in Sub-Saharan Africa, Arab countries and South Asia and close to zero in developed nations. However, there were more illiterate women than men in all regions.

Men and women, unable to read or write, made up only 1% and 2% in developed countries. In comparison, the proportions of illiterate citizens in Latin America and the Caribbean were higher, 10% and 11%. In East Asia and Oceania, however, the gap was enormous; there were 20% illiterate females compared to 8% males.

As regards the other regions, Sub-Saharan Africa had much greater proportions of the unschooled population, 48% women and 30% men. A similar proportion was seen in Arab states, where illiteracy rates were 53% and 28% respectively for females and males. It is noticeable that more than half of their females and one-quarter males never received any formal education. However, South Asia stood out as having the worst illiteracy figures for both sexes; 55% females versus 34% males. As regards the other regions, Sub-Saharan Africa had much greater proportions of the unschooled population, 48% women and 30% men. A similar proportion was seen in Arab states, where illiteracy rates were 53% and 28% respectively for females and males. It is noticeable that more than half of their females and one-quarter males never received any formal education. However, South Asia stood out as having the worst illiteracy figures for both sexes; 55% females versus 34% males.

The figure shows the results of a survey of 1000 adolescents in five different countries. The participants were asked at what age they believed certain rights and responsibilities should be granted to young people.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature.

» You should write at least 150 words.

IELTS Bar Graph 172 - Rights and for responsibilities

The provided column graph summarises the result of a study and indicates what people in five different countries think to be the appropriate age to be allowed to have certain rights and responsibilities. Generally speaking, citizens’ opinion regarding the right age for marriage, voting and prosecution for crime greatly varies.

Finally, American people give their opinion that someone should be charged by the law for committing any crime when they become 12 years old. Japanese seems like have a different opinion as they believe that someone should not be imposed with criminal offence until they turn 18 years. Survey participants in other three countries expressed that before 14 they should not be punished by law for any misdeed.

As is given in the illustration, people in Japan and the UK opine that they should not marry until they are at least 20 years old while Americans believe that this age should be exactly 18. On the contrary, Mexicans and Egyptians agreed that they should be allowed to get married just after they cross 15. In terms of the voting power, Japanese state that 20 years is the right age for them while Americans and Egyptians express it should be 18. Both British and Mexicans want their voting right at 16 years, on the contrary.